Canet de Mar House Studio is a home-office conceived with a clear goal in mind: resist the torrid heat of the Mediterranean summer. Realized by local studio Valor-Llimós Arquitectes in Canet de Mar, a small coastal city near Barcelona, the project is a full-fledged manual for thermal efficiency, where every detail — from materials to the distribution of spaces — is finalized to create climatic comfort through passive systems, in a place where temperatures and humidity can represent a constant challenge.
The building, simple and compact, sits on a plot previously occupied by a parking lot, in which a small garden has since been outlined. Articulated across three floors, the internal structure refutes a rigid division in favor of interconnected environments with positive and negative spaces between one floor and the other, playing with height, but also allowing air and light to circulate throughout.
The relationship between exteriors and interiors is further facilitated by the continuous mediation of elements, like the courtyard, arcade, and a series of terraces and balconies, which look to the urban landscape while still protected by solar and visual filters. Implementing vertical slats and traditional Persian blinds in pine wood, the home is separated from the studio.
To obtain the desired climatic inertia capable of cushioning and compensating the daily and seasonal thermal fluctuations, architects focused on heavy construction systems including concrete slabs and solid bricks, preserving a pre-existing wall. The other materials adopted include unpainted wood carpentry, continuous mortar floors and cork claddings, crafting a raw, straightforward, and rough aesthetic.
As for the air conditioning systems, grids are present in each room along with a solar chimney on the last floor: a natural and efficient solution that makes any mechanical air conditioning superfluous. With this, consumption is reduced to a minimum, just like the environmental impact.